BIR Form 1701 - Annual Income Tax Return
Guidelines and Instructions
Who Shall File
This return shall be filed in triplicate by the following individuals regardless of
amount of gross income:
For individuals engaged in trade or business or in the exercise of their profession and receiving compensation income as well, this return shall be used in declaring their income.
An individual whose sole income has been subjected to final withholding tax pursuant to Sec. 57 (A) of the Tax Code, or who is exempt from income tax pursuant to the Tax Code and other laws, is not required to file an income tax return.
Married individuals shall file a return for the taxable year to include the income of
both spouses, computing separately their individual income tax based on their respective
total taxable income. Where it is impracticable for the spouses to file one return, each
spouse may file a separate return of income. If any income cannot be definitely attributed to
The income of unmarried minors derived from property received from a living parent shall be included in the return of the parent except (1) when the donor’s tax has been paid on such property, or (2) when the transfer of such property is exempt from donor’s tax.
If the taxpayer is unable to make his own return, the return may be made by his duly authorized agent or representative or by the guardian or other person charged with the care of his person or property, the principal and his representative or guardian assuming the responsibility of making the return and incurring penalties provided for erroneous, false or fraudulent returns.
When and Where to File
The income tax return shall be filed with any Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) located within the territorial jurisdiction of the Revenue District Office where the taxpayer is required to register/where the taxpayer has his legal residence or place of business in the Philippines. In places where there are no AABs, the returns shall be filed with the Revenue Collection Officer or duly Authorized City or Municipal Treasurer of the Revenue District Office where the taxpayer is required to register/where the taxpayer has his legal residence or place of business in the Philippines. In case taxpayer has no legal residence or place of business in the Philippines, the return shall be filed with the Office of the Commissioner or Revenue District Office No. 39, South Quezon City.
This return shall be filed on or before the fifteenth (15th) day of April of each year covering income for the preceding taxable year.
When and Where to Pay
Upon filing this return, the total amount payable shall be paid to an Authorized Agent Bank (AAB). In places where there are no AABs, the tax shall be paid with the Revenue Collection Officer or duly Authorized City or Municipal Treasurer who will issue a Revenue Official Receipt (BIR Form 2524)). When the tax due exceeds P2,000.00, the taxpayer may elect to pay in two equal installments, the first installment to be paid at the time the return is filed and the second, on or before July 15 of the same year.
Where the return is filed with an AAB, the taxpayer must accomplish and submit BIR-prescribed deposit slip, which the bank teller shall machine validate as evidence that payment was received by the AAB. The AAB receiving the tax return shall stamp mark the word "Received" on the return and also machine validate the return as proof of filing the return and payment of the tax by the taxpayer, respectively. The machine validation shall reflect the date of payment, amount paid and the transaction code, the name of the bank, branch code, teller's code and the teller's initial. Bank debit memo number and the date should be indicated in the return for taxpayers under the bank debit system.
Overwithholding of income tax on compensation shall be refunded by the employer, except if the overwithholding is due to the fault of the employee then it shall be forfeited in favor of the government.
For eFPS Taxpayer
The deadline for electronically filing and paying the taxes thereon shall be in accordance with the provisions of existing applicable revenue issuances.
Gross Taxable Compensation Income
The gross taxable compensation income of the taxpayer does not include SSS,
GSIS, Medicare and Pag-ibig Contributions, and Union Dues of individuals.
For taxable year 2008, the following transitory personal and additional exemptions shall be used:
For taxable year 2009 and onwards, each individual taxpayer, whether single or married, shall be allowed a basic personal exemption amounting to Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00).
In the case of married individuals where only one of the spouses is deriving gross income, only such spouse shall be allowed the personal exemption.
An individual, whether single or married, shall be allowed an additional exemption of P25,000 for each qualified dependent child, not exceeding four (4). The additional exemption for dependents shall be claimed by the husband, who is deemed the proper claimant, unless be explicitly waives his right in favor of his wife.
"Dependent Child" means a legitimate, illegitimate or legally adopted child chiefly dependent upon and living with the taxpayer if such dependent is not more than twenty one (21) years of age, unmarried and not gainfully employed or if such dependent, regardless of age, is incapable of self-support because of mental or physical defect.
In the case of legally separated spouses, additional exemption may be claimed only by the spouse who has custody of the child or children; Provided, that the total amount of additional exemptions that may be claimed by both shall not exceed the maximum additional exemptions allowed by the Tax Code.
If the taxpayer marries or should have additional dependent(s) as defined above during the taxable year, the taxpayer may claim the corresponding personal or additional exemption, as the case may be, in full for such year.
If the taxpayer dies during the taxable year, his estate may still claim the personal and additional exemptions for himself and his dependent(s) as if he died at the close of such year.
If the spouse or any of the dependents dies or if any of such dependents marries, becomes twenty-one (21) years old or becomes gainfully employed during the taxable year, the taxpayer may still claim the same exemptions as if the spouse or any of the dependents died, or as if such dependents married, became twenty-one (21) years old or became employed at the close of such year.
A taxpayer engaged in business or in the practice of profession shall choose either the optional or itemized deduction (described below) deduction. He shall indicate his choice by marking with “X” the appropriate box, otherwise, he shall be deemed to have chosen itemized deduction. The choice made in the return is irrevocable for the taxable year covered.
Optional Standard Deduction (OSD) – A maximum of 40% of their gross sales or gross receipts shall be allowed as deduction in lieu of the itemized deduction. This type of deduction shall not be allowed for non-resident aliens engaged in trade or business. An individual who opts to avail of this deduction need not submit the Account Information Return (AIF)/Financial Statements.
For taxable year 2008 which is the initial year of the implementation of the 40% OSD under RA 9504 which modified the OSD for individuals from 10% of gross income to 40% of gross sales / receipts, the deduction shall cover only the period beginning the effectivity of RA 9504 which is on July 6, 2008. However to simplify and for ease of administration July 1, 2008 shall be considered as the start of the period when the 40% of OSD may be allowed. Hence, the following rates and bases shall apply for the taxable year 2008.
Itemized Deductions - There shall be allowed as deduction from gross income all the ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on or which are directly attributable to, the development, management, operation and/or conduct of the trade, business or exercise of a profession including a reasonable allowance for salaries, travel, rental and entertainment expenses.
Itemized deduction includes also interest, taxes, losses, bad debts, depreciation, depletion, charitable and other contributions, research and development, pension trust, premium payments on health and/or hospitalization insurance.
Premium payment on health and/or hospitalization insurance of an individual taxpayer, including his family, in the amount of P= 2,400 per year, per family, may be deducted from his gross income: Provided, that said taxpayer, including his family, has a yearly gross income of not more than P= 250,000. In case of married taxpayers, only the spouse claiming the additional exemption for dependents shall be entitled to this deduction.
There shall be imposed and collected as part of the tax:
a) Failure to file any return and pay the amount of tax or installment due
b) Filing a return with a person or office other than those with whom it is required to be filed;
c) Failure to pay the full or part of the amount of tax shown on the return, or the full amount of tax due for which no return is required to be filed, on or before the due date;
d) Failure to pay the deficiency tax within the time prescribed for its
a) Willful neglect to file the return within the period prescribed by the
b) In case a false or fraudulent return is willfully made.